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Larisa English Club #9 Audio Version

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Welcome to Larisa English Club #9

What’s New?  Why are teachers leaving their jobs?

History Topic! One room school history.

Conversation Topic. Safety and Caution Dialog.

Speaking Practice. “Be Careful” Dialog.

Basic Grammar Review. Present progressive or present continuous?

English Grammar. The Future with “Will” or “Going To”.

What’s New?

Why are teachers leaving their jobs?

Rachael Pells Education Correspondent http://ind.pn/2rMRRRh

“Staggeringly high” numbers of teachers are ready to quit the profession, a leading education researcher has warned, as growing pressures placed on staff and schools make the job “just too big an ask”. Rebecca Allen, director of the Education Datalab think tank has become the latest expert to highlight what has been referred to as a “crisis” in teacher recruitment and retention.

Children across the country are being taught by teachers who do not want to be there, but are trapped by their financial circumstances, Ms Allen said. Speaking at a General Election briefing on education, she warned teaching is now “incredibly difficult”, as staff are increasingly bogged down with paperwork and accountability tasks that are leaving them exhausted and unmotivated.

Ms Allen said there is a need to look at improving the experience of teachers at the start of their career, which could include measures such as mentoring, smaller teaching workloads, or extending the teacher training period. More needs to be done, in particular to help new teachers, to stop them walking out the door, she said.

Visit http://ind.pn/2rMRRRh fore more information.

History Topic!

One room school history.

One-room schools were commonplace throughout rural portions of various countries, including Prussia, Norway, Sweden, the United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, Ireland, and Spain. In most rural (country) and small town schools, all of the students met in a single room.

There, a single teacher taught academic basics to several grade levels of elementary-age boys and girls. While in many areas one-room schools are no longer used, it is not uncommon for them to remain in developing nations and rural or remote areas. Examples include remote parts of the American West, the Falklands, and the Shetland Islands.

Teachers in one-room schools were often former students themselves. Their role is well-described by a student from Kentucky in the 1940s:

“The teachers that taught in the one room, rural schools were very special people. During the winter months they would get to the school early to get a fire started in the potbelly stove, so the building would be warm for the students. On many occasions they would prepare a hot, noon meal on top of the stove, usually consisting of soup or stew of some kind. They took care of their students like a new mother hen would care for her newly hatched chicks; always looking out for their health and welfare”.

More on one room schools at Wiki.

Thank you Wiki http://bit.ly/2rvmPOB

Conversation Topic.

Safety and Caution Dialog.

Look below for dialog about safety and caution. Here is an explanation. “There’s the shoe store!” This is the “pointing out” with the word “there” (the adverb, not the introductory function word), and therefore it receives a strong stress, “Shoe store”. A compound noun; and therefore the first word is singular and receives the principal stress.

Remember that the first word in a compound noun is used the same way as an adjective. Remember that adjectives are never plural. The shoe store we’ve been looking for. This is the usual, natural way to say this, omitting the relative pronoun and putting the preposition “for” at the end. The shoe store that we’ve been looking for is also possible. Notice how the present perfect continuous emphasizes the immediate, continuous nature of the activity. Just across the street means “directly across” the street or “exactly” across the street.

“Oh, come on”, as used here, means something like “Oh, don’t be so careful and cautious!” The phrase “come on”, is frequently used to mean “hurry along, don’t delay!” Here it is used to try and “convince someone” or “encourage someone” to do something. Notice that the two-word verb “come ON” has the stronger stress on the adverbial element “on”.

Look out! Means “Be careful! Be alert!” The phrase “Watch out!” means the same thing. “See” means understand. “Now you know why you should cross at the corner”. Notice that the indirect question has the normal word order of a statement, with the subject before the verb. In the corresponding direct question, the word order would be: “Why should you cross…?”. Lastly, “I guess” means, “I think”. It could also mean “Maybe” or “Possibly”.

Speaking Practice.

“Be Careful” Dialog.

Peter: There’s the shoe store we’ve been looking for. It’s just across the street.
Gail: Wait! You can’t cross the street in the middle of the block! You have to cross at the corner.
Peter: Oh, come on. Let’s go across here.
Gail: Look out! You nearly got hit by that car! Now do you see why you should cross at the corner?
Peter: I guess you’re right. I’ll be more careful after this.

Basic Grammar Review.

Present progressive or present continuous?

All tenses are important in the English language. Let’s start with why we use two different terms for the same tense. Which term is correct? Actually, they are both correct. The term “Present progressive” is an older term while “Present continuous” is more common in todays education systems. Most books published over the past ten years use the “Present continuous”. Remember that continuous tenses are used to refer to events that are short or limited in time. Do not use present continuous to refer to events for long periods of time.

How many different ways do we use the present continuous tense? Actually, five! Present continuous is used to refer to…

Unfinished actions right now.

Example: I am writing a letter right now.

Temporary situations.

Example: I am living in San Francisco for a few weeks.

Temporary habits.

Example: He hasn’t been sleeping well lately.

Annoying habits.

Example: He is always losing his phone.

Planned future events.

Example: I am working tomorrow at 3.

You will notice that all of the examples are limited in time. For longer periods of time like habits, use present simple or the perfect tenses.

English Grammar.

The Future with “Will” or “Going To”.

While there are differences between “Will and “Going to”, there are also many similarities in the way we use these. I am going to explain these two terms a little differently than you might have studied. First of all, “Will” is a “Modal Auxiliary Verb”. “Going to” is nothing more than a common phrasal verb. In English we use many different parts of the language to refer to the same facts. While there are differences here, there are many similarities.

Both are used to refer to the future but, only “Going to” can be used for the past. Will is used when we decide something at the moment of speech often when we must choose. “Going to” is usually a plan when a decision has been made previously. Do not use “Going to” when a decision is made at the moment of speech. You can use “Going to” at the moment of speech to refer to an event in progress now.

When referring to general events for the future, both are correct. Either can be used for approximate or exact times. Either can also be used for predictions based on current facts or conjecture. Remember adverbs also play an important role in talking about time.

Here are a few examples.

My company is going to relocate the factory next year.

My company will relocate the factory next year.

Your wife is going to love her new car.

Your wife will love her new car.

He is going to fail the exam. He has not studied at all.

He will fail the exam, he has not studied since last year.

Until next time…

I hope you enjoyed this English club. Remember that everyone learns differently. The main idea when you study just about anything is to make daily progress. Join us for the next episode of Larisa English Club!

Visit Larisa English Club #9 PDF Version