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An affix is a letter.
Or letters added to a root word.
To change its meaning.
An affix is kind of like your surname.
It’s what’s affix.
And then we have prefix and suffix.
Prefix and suffix are terms used.
To further describe an affix.
In other words.
An affix is the family right? So.
A prefix is before a word.
A series of letters before a word.
And a suffix is placed after.
We create new words.
From a prefix or a suffix or affix.
There are many forms.
And specific reasons for-
-adding letters to words.
In other words why do we add-
-a certain prefix or suffix right? So.
The main idea is to create-
-other words with different definitions.
Check your dictionary for more examples.
Some common prefix examples are-
-dis, ir, un and re. So.
Dis, ir, un, re right? So.
Those are just a few.
Is the opposite of agree.
That’s easy right?
And this dis, dis is defined as not.
It’s a negative.
Irresponsible is the opposite-
-of responsible so.
It’s also defined as not or a negative.
Unfriendly is the opposite of friendly.
And it’s also defined as not.
Return, re re means to go back return.
Repaint, remodel something like that.
It’s also about take back, so.
It’s defined generally as again.
Common suffix examples are ed, ing ly.
Let’s start out with cooked.
Cooked. Yes? Has a “t” sound on the end of it.
[t sound] Yes? Cooked the verb to cook.
Used for adjectives.
And past tense verbs, so.
Regular verbs past simple and past-
-participle we form with “ed” right, so.
Running! Hey the verb to run.
We use for gerunds, adjectives.
And continuous tenses, so.
The verb to run.
We’re gonna see some examples here.
Quickly. Quickly is an adverb.
Used for adverbs and adjectives “l y”.
Boxes. Box is a noun and verb.
To box yes?
Something like that.
In the ring, right?
An a box something.
We put in stuff yeah?
We put stuff in a box, right?
And we use box for-
-plural nouns and actions.
A verb is one of-
-The eight parts of the English language!
That’s pretty simple. Right?
A verb expresses an action-
-state or a feeling.
So what’s an action?
Well. Run, jump, maybe even talk.
If you can see it, that’s an action. Right?
A state. Well, what is a state?
A state is more like a fact.
In other words.
Like. Like is in the English language.
Like is used at least seven-
-different ways in the English language.
If we use the word like.
Like is a state verb.
We have many state verbs.
And a state means more like a fact.
Not an action.
And also for feelings.
A lot of people don’t stop-
-and think about why-
-we use verbs for feelings.
But stop and think about it.
Like, love, enjoy.
Those are all verbs.
They’re not adjectives.
And we often use those-
-words to share our feelings.
Action verbs express an activity.
We just talk.
And usually you can see it. Yes?
You can see something happening-
-someone running, somebody walking.
Something like that.
State or stative verbs again-
-express a fact.
Feeling verbs express senses.
Common feeling verbs are-
-like love and enjoy. Right?
Most stative verbs are never-
-used in the continuous tenses.
One very common stative verb is have.
Have is a verb it’s a state verb.
It doesn’t describe an action.
It’s actually an empty verb. So.
An empty verb is a verb that-
-literally means nothing.
It has no single definition.
If we talk about a word like run. Right?
Run has a single definition.
I’m running down the street.
That’s literally not phrasal-
-idiomatic, etc. So.
Most stative verbs are never used-
-in the continuous tenses.
But I need to tell you.
That most grammar rules in-
-English, do have exceptions.
Some common state verbs.
There’s that one “Have”.
Get and see.
Get is a very common verb-
-in the English language.
So is “See”.
If I said right now “I see you”.
You don’t see anything moving. Right?
Literally. Right? So.
“See” is a state verb.
“Hear” is a state verb.