What is a Verb?
A Verb is one of “The Eight Parts” of the English language. A verb expresses an action, state or feeling. Action verbs express an activity we can watch or know it is happening. State or Stative verbs express a fact. Feeling verbs express senses.
Common feeling verbs are “Like, Love, Enjoy”. Most stative verbs are never used in the continuous tenses. Some common state verbs are “Have, get and see. Every sentence in English must have a verb.
Action verbs are in bold type.
Q: Do you dance? A: Yes, I dance at the club on Fridays.
Q: Is she running down the street? A: Yes, she runs often!
Q: Are you walking to work today? A: No, I am riding my bicycle!
Stative verbs are in bold type.
Q: Does it have a name? A: Yes, my new dog’s name is Spot.
Q: Do you live in London? A: Yes, I do.
Q: Who is he married to? A: He is married to Sally.
Verb: Used for actions, states and feelings.
Activity: An action or movement.
Stative: Facts more than actions.
Sentence: As few as two words including a verb.
What are Action Verbs?
Action verbs express a “Physical or mental action”. Action verbs are also referred to as “Dynamic verbs”. An action verb helps explain what someone or something is doing. Can you see something moving? Can you sense an activity? If you can see someone or something moving, it is an action. Why is this important? In English there are many rules and exceptions. There is a big difference between different verb types and their usage. Action verbs should be simple to learn for most students. Can you see an action?
Physical Action Verb Examples
I always ride the bus to work!
You often drive your car to work!
We will carry the boxes into the house later!
They will be working on the project all month!
He ran past me a few minutes ago!
She has been cooking in the kitchen all day!
It has always worked without fail!
Mental Action Verbs Examples
I always want coffee when I wake up in the morning!
You are always thinking of projects at work!
We often listen to music in the evening!
They believe in fairies and wives tales!
He helped me with the with the cleaning yesterday!
She called her mom late last night!
It has learned many tricks since yesterday!
Mental action verbs are used to describe facts. We often use these verbs to refer to both actions and facts. Ask your teacher for more rules and examples.
What are Stative Verbs?
Stative verbs refer to a state, not an action. Stative verbs are used to refer to facts without movement or motion. Most stative verbs are never used in the continuous tenses. Be careful! There are exceptions! Just ask yourself one simple question! Can I see it happening? Can I see a physical action. If not, it most likely is a “Stative verb”. Other terminology used is “State verbs and Static verbs”. Below are examples to study! Can you see movement?
Stative Verb Examples
I understand everything you have said!
You have a cold right now, don’t you?
We didn’t recognize her in her new car!
They appreciate everything we do for them!
He agrees with you on that project!
She measures success with profit she earns!
It weighs more than it did six months ago!
I like the fact that you are a happy person!
You love your wife and everyone knows it!
We always enjoy going to the movies! (Going as a Gerund)
They are enjoying the party tonight!
He is having dinner at his mothers house Friday!
She is seeing her doctor Tuesday at three o’clock!
It will satisfy the loan payment!
You will notice a few state verbs used in the continuous. There are exceptions that you should study. Some stative verbs used in the continuous are “Have, see, be, taste, feel, smell, look”. There are more! Ask your teacher for stative verb exceptions to help you.